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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 105-116

Primary Tuberculosis of Upper Respiratory Tract - A Comprehensive Review Article

1 Post graduate, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, India
2 Post graduate, Department of E.N.T., Stanley Medical College, Chennai, India
3 Professor and Chief, Department of E.N.T., Stanley Medical College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Amal Johnson
Post graduate Department of Respiratory Medicine
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/WKMP-0215.309247

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Upper respiratory tract constitutes the first line of defense against all the inhalational agents. Laryngeal TB is the most common of all forms of upper respiratory tract TB (URT-TB). URT-TB is especially seen in immunocompromised patients such as presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, diabetes, smoking, alcoholism and use of immunosuppressive drugs. Granulation, Nodular or ulcerative lesions are seen on morphological examination. Endoscopic examination is required for mucosal lesions and granulation. Acid fast staining and histopathological examinations help in establishing the final diagnosis. Treatment includes standard anti-TB chemotherapy for 6 months.

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