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ORIGINAL STUDY
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 94-99

Prevalence of Prediabetes and Diabetes in 100 Newly Diagnosed Adult Asthmatics who Visited Pulmonology OPD of A Tertiary Care Hospital in South India - A Cross Sectional Study


1 Post Graduate, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai, India
2 Post Graduate, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Asram Medical College, Eluru, Andhra Pradhesh, India
3 Physician Assistant, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai, India
4 Senior Consultant Pulmonologist, Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
R Narasimhan
Senior Consultant Department of Respiratory Medicine
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/WKMP-0215.309254

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Background: Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disease and characterized by increased blood glucose levels. Diabetes has been associated with accelerated lung function decline, decrease in respiratory muscle strength altered bronchial reactivity. Methodology: This is a cross sectional study done in 100 consecutive patients >=18 years who visited Pulmonology OPD of Apollo Hospitals, Chennnai with respiratory symptoms and diagnosed to have asthma based on Spirometry according to GINA (2020) guidelines from March 2019 to May 2019. All patients with informed consent were subjected to serum HbAIC testing. Results: The results of HbA1C testing were as follows : 45 patients had HbA1C less than 5.6, 50 patients had HbA1C between5.6 to 6.4 which is classified as prediabetes and 5 patients had HbA1C greater than 6.4 which is classified as diabetes according to recent American diabetes association(ADA) guidelines. Conclusion: There is a definite association of pre diabetes and diabetes with asthma and the drop in lung function correlates with the control of diabetes.


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