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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-76

Review article on indwelling pleural catheter

1 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vignesh Ashokan
Associate Consultant, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/japt.japt_22_22

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Lymphomas, malignancies of the lung, breast, and ovaries, most frequently give rise to malignant pleural effusions (MPE). The prognosis is often bad when an MPE is present. Malignant cells found in the pleural fluid or tissue can be used to confirm the diagnosis of MPE. Palliative care should emphasize on symptom relief, quality-of-life enhancement, and acceptance of an initial intervention to drain an MPE or prevent recurrence and affordability. Our preferred initial treatment for the majority of patients with recurrent MPE is the placement of an IPC (also known as a tunneled pleural catheter), with intermittent outpatient drainage performed by the patient or attender. Patients with expandable lung are candidates for both IPC drainage and pleurodesis, but those with nonexpandable lung are often only eligible for IPC drainage. IPC requires interventional expertise and may not be available in some institutions. IPC can produce spontaneous pleurodesis and gives good symptom alleviation, according to many randomized trials and one meta-analysis. Effective pleurodesis occurs in up to 70% of patients.

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